From its intersection with West Virginia 2, just south of Point Pleasant at Henderson, U.S. 35 parallels the southern shore of the Kanawha River as it meanders southeast toward Charleston. Here architecture still evokes the plantation economy that once flourished in these fertile bottomlands, far broader on the southern bank than on the northern. Except for Elm Grove, buildings are located on the less flood-prone first bench, or table, above the lowlands, freeing the richest land for cultivation. This area encompasses the 10,990-acre tract that George Washington surveyed in 1770 and patented in 1772.
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