A memorial to Civil War service primarily, the Red Cross Headquarters is unique in its attempt at symbolic reconciliation by recognizing the sacrifices of both the North and the South. In 1912, the State of New York
The white marble Classical Revival building gains appeal from its siting well away from the street, its gentle terraces, and long circular drive. A central projecting portico of four Corinthian columns rises two stories and supports a triangular pediment. Four identical engaged columns are placed on each side of the building. The building's third story is located discreetly behind a balustrade that encircles it.
Within the building, which evokes a solemn, respectful mood, the story of the memorial is developed. A marble tablet above the main stairway cites the contributions of women on each side of the conflict. Hiram Powers designed busts of Faith, Hope, and Charity that are located on the stair landing. On the second floor in the Neoclassical/Federal Revival assembly room, a door contains three glass panels designed by Louis C. Tiffany showing the themes of wounded warriors; patron saint of the sick, Saint Filomena; and Truth with red roses.
In 1930 and 1932, two additions were built. The north addition lined with Ionic columns was conceived as a memorial to the women of World War I. The west addition is an office annex. The buildings frame a rectangular park, a welcome green space amid the area's monumental buildings.