You are here
First Presbyterian Church
First Presbyterian Church, also known as Old Stone Church, is the oldest surviving building in Public Square. Designed by Heard and Porter, the Romanesque Revival sandstone structure features square towers flanking a gable-roofed central section dominated by a triple arch window. Gutted by fire in 1884, the church was rebuilt within the original walls by Charles Schweinfurth. The key interior motif of his design, a semicircular arch with wooden tie beams at the base, resting on a pair of arched braces, recalls H.H. Richardson’s Trinity Church (1873–1877) in Boston. Old Stone Church’s decorative scheme includes painted and frescoed walls by Charles’ brother Julius Schweinfurth (employed at Peabody and Stearns in Boston beginning in 1879), along with stained glass windows by John LaFarge, Louis C. Tiffany, and Joseph and Richard Lamb.
Corner, James, and Alison Bick Hirsch. The landscape imagination: collected essays of James Corner, 1990-2010. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2014.
Deegan, Gregory G., and Toman, James A. The Heart of Cleveland: Public Square in the 20th Century. Cleveland: Cleveland Landmarks Press, Inc., 1999.
“History and Architecture.” Old Stone Church. Accessed November 15, 2018. http://www.oldstonechurch.org/.
Johannesen, Eric. Cleveland Architecture 1876-1976. Cleveland: The Western Reserve Historical Society, 1979.
Johannesen, Eric, “Cleveland Public Square,” Cuyahoga County, Ohio. National Register of Historic Places Inventory–Nomination Form, 1975. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C.
Lake, D. J. Atlas of Cuyahoga County, Ohio. Philadelphia: Titus, Simmons and Titus, 1874.
Schweinfurth, Julius Adolphe papers. Archives and Special Collections, Northeastern University Libraries, Boston, Massachusetts.
If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.
SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.