SAH Archipedia uses terms from the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) to categorize and classify metadata for the entries in the database. For more information on the Getty AAT, click here

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fachwerkbau
Style of timber-framed houses particular to Germany and nearby areas, distinguished by rather small, regular square divisions. Developed from earlier schwellenbau constructions in the mid- to late 14th century; similar in style to the later Tudor Revival style of England.

fantastic architecture
Architectural designs that are eccentric, outrageous, or unconventional, that jolt or excite the viewer, and that are generally characterized by an unusual juxtaposition of shapes or materials; may be spontaneously constructed, incomplete, or unbuilt.

Federal
Refers to movement in America that flourished from around 1785 to 1820 based on the revival of Roman architectural styles in the design of government buildings. The movement, endorsed by Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Latrobe, is driven by the metaphorical concept of the United States as analogous to the Roman Republic in its grandeur and political philosophy.

fin de siècle
Refers broadly to the arts of the last two decades of the 19th century. The period is characterized by its artistic and literary spirit of jaded sophistication and self-conscious aestheticism.

Flemish (culture or style)
Refers to the culture of the southern Netherlands, roughly corresponding to modern Belgium, Luxembourg, and part of France, particularly during the historical period when Flanders was an independent principality.

folk art (traditional art)
Art and crafts that are produced in culturally cohesive communities or contexts, and guided by traditional rules or procedures. It includes paintings, ceramics, textiles, sculpture, and other art forms. It is generally distinct from "naive art," which is created by those without formal training, but not necessarily within a cohesive cultural community. It is also distinct from "outsider art," which usually refers specifically to art created or collected according to a philosophy of avoidance of traditional training.

Folsom
No description available for this term.

Fort Ancient
No description available for this term.

François I
Refers to the French style of architecture and sculpture during the reign of François I from 1515 to 1547. A combination of the Gothic and Renaissance styles and, according to some authors, the Mannerist style, it is associated with the Loire valley chateaux of François I.

Free Style (architecture)
Refers to the style in late-19th-century architecture in which Queen Anne and vernacular styles mixed freely with Classical and Gothic elements often producing less rigid, asymmetrical, and complex plans.

Fremont
No description available for this term.

French Colonial
Refers to the style of artistic production in French colonies featuring a combination of French and native characteristics.

French Renaissance-Baroque styles
Styles belonging to French Renaissance-Baroque cultures.

French-Canadian
The culture of Canadians of French ancestry, or of early French settlers in Canada.

frontier settlements
Inhabited places established as an outpost or for another reason on the frontier of a nation, empire, or other ruling entity.

Funk
First used to describe the work of a group of artists working in San Francisco in the late 1950s, and later used as the title of an exhibition held in Callifornia in 1967. The style is characterized by a preoccupation with sick, shocking, and sexually provocative imagery resulting in bizarre combinations of materials such as leather, steel, clay, vinyl, fur, and ceramics.

Futurist
Refers to the literary and artistic movement centered in Italy that emphasized speed, dynamism, energy and a rejection of the past, which began with the writings of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in 1909. Futurism also developed in Russia, with more revolutionary and political connotations. In painting, the style is charactersized by a reliance on divisionist techniques until 1912, when it adopted the simultaneous views and distorted planes of Cubism. Futurist ideas in architecture are represented by drawings and city plans of utopian societies.

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